Saxon and XML 1.1
XML 1.1 (with XML Namespaces 1.1) originally extended XML 1.0 in three ways:
the set of valid characters is increased
the set of characters allowed in XML Names is increased
namespace undeclarations are permitted
The second change has subsequently been retrofitted to XML 1.0 Fifth Edition (XML 1.0e5). Saxon now uses the XML 1.1 and XML 1.0e5 rules unconditionally for all validation of XML names.
Saxon is capable of working with XML 1.1 input documents. If you want to use Saxon with XML
1.1, you should set the option
-xmlversion:1.1 on the Saxon command line, or call
configuration.setXMLVersion(Configuration.XML11) or, in the case of XSLT,
This configuration setting affects:
the characters considered valid in the source of an XQuery query
the characters considered valid in the result of the functions
the characters considered valid in the result of certain Saxon extension functions
the way in which line endings in XQuery queries are normalized
the default version used by the serializer (with output method XML)
Since Saxon 9.4, the configuration setting no longer affects:
validation of names used in XQuery and XPath expressions, including names of elements, attributes, functions, variables, and types
validation of names of constructed elements, attributes, and processing instructions in XQuery and XSLT
schema validation of values of type
the permitted names of stylesheet objects such as keys, templates, decimal-formats, output declarations, and output methods
Note that if you use the default setting of "1.0", then supplying an XML 1.1 source document as input may cause undefined errors.
It is advisable to use an XML parser that supports XML 1.1 when the configuration is set to "1.1", and an XML parser that does not support XML 1.1 when the configuration is set to "1.0". However, Saxon does not enforce this.
You can set the configuration to allow XML 1.1, but still serialize result documents as XML
1.0 by specifying the output property
version="1.0". In this case Saxon will
check while serializing the document that it conforms to the XML 1.0 constraints (note that
this check can be expensive). These checks are not performed if the configuration default is
set to XML 1.0.
If you want the serializer to output namespace undeclarations, use the output property
undeclare-namespaces="yes" as well as