saxon:assign instruction is used to change the value of a global variable that
has previously been declared using
The variable or parameter
must be marked as assignable by including the extra attribute
From Saxon 8.2 onwards, this instruction works only with global variables. It should be regarded as
deprecated, and may be withdrawn completely at some time in the future, since it is incompatible with many
of the optimizations that Saxon now performs.
A better approach to the problem of updateable variables, based on the theory of monads in the
functional programming literature, has been described by Dimitre Novatchev in section 3.6 of his paper
Functional programming in XSLT using the FXSL library.
This approach does not require any XSLT extensions, and the constructs it uses are implemented efficiently
xsl:variable, the name of the variable is given in the mandatory name attribute,
and the new value may be given either by an expression in the
select attribute, or by expanding
the content of the
xsl:variable element has an
as attribute, then the value is converted
to the required type of the variable in the usual way.
<xsl:variable name="i" select="0" saxon:assignable="yes"/>
<saxon:while test="$i < 10">
The value of i is <xsl:value-of select="$i"/>
<saxon:assign name="i" select="$i+1"/>
saxon:assign element itself does not allow an
as attribute. Instead,
it calculates the value of the variable as if
as="item()*" were specified. This means that
the result of the construct:
is a single text node, not a document node containing a text node. If you want to create a document
saxon:assign is cheating. XSLT is designed as
a language that is free of side-effects, which is why variables are not assignable.
Once assignment to variables is allowed, certain optimizations become impossible.
At present this doesn't affect Saxon, which generally executes the stylesheet
sequentially. However, there are some circumstances in which the order of execution
may not be quite what you expect, in which case
saxon:assign may show
anomalous behavior. In principle the
saxon:assignable attribute is designed
to stop Saxon doing optimizations that cause such anomalies, but you can't always rely