E1 to E2 returns a sequence of integers. For example,
1 to 5
returns the sequence
1, 2, 3, 4, 5. This is useful in
for expressions, for example
the first five nodes of a node sequence can be processed by writing
for $i in 1 to 5 return (//x)[$i].
If you prefer, you can write this as
(//x)[position() = 1 to 5]. This works because
comparison of a single integer (
position()) to a sequence of integers (
1 to 5)
is true if the integer on the left is equal to any integer in the sequence.