Evaluating XPath Expressions using s9api
The s9api interface is a custom-designed API for Saxon, allowing integrated access to all Saxon's XML processing capabilities in a uniform way, taking advantage of the type safety offered by generics in Java 5.
You can evaluate an XPath expression using the s9api interface in a number of ways, for instance as follows:
Create a Processor and set any global configuration options on the
Build the source document by calling
newDocumentBuilder()to create a document builder, setting appropriate options, and then calling the
build()method. This returns an XdmNode which can be supplied as the context item to the XPath expression.
newXPathCompiler()to create an XPathCompiler, and set any options that are local to a specific compilation (notably declaring namespace prefixes that are used in the XPath expression).
compile()method to compile an expression. The result is an XPathExecutable, which can be used as often as you like in the same thread or in different threads.
To evaluate the expression, call the
load()method on the
XPathExecutable. This creates an XPathSelector. The
XPathSelectorcan be serially reused, but it must not be shared across multiple threads. Set any options required for the specific XPath execution (for example, the initial context node, the values of any variables referenced in the expression), and then call one of the methods
evaluateSingle()to execute the XPath expression.
Iterable, it is possible to iterate over the results directly using the Java 5 "for-each" construct.
The result of an XPath expression is in general an XdmValue, representing a value as defined in the XDM data model (that is, a sequence of nodes and/or atomic values). Subclasses of
XdmValueinclude XdmItem, XdmNode, and XdmAtomicValue, and these relate directly to the corresponding concepts in XDM. Various methods are available to translate between this model and native Java data types.
The XPathCompiler also has
evaluateSingle() to execute
an expression directly without going through an explicit compilation process. This provides
a simpler approach if the expression is only evaluated once. The
also has the option of caching compiled expressions, so that if the same expression is
evaluated repeatedly, the compiled form of the expression is re-used.
Examples of the use of s9api to evaluate XPath expressions are included in the
saxon-resources file, see module