This section of the documentation provides information about Saxon licensing, including required notices for open-source components that have been incorporated into Saxon, and acknowledgments of contributors.
This documentation relates both to the open source Saxon-HE product and to the commercial products Saxon-PE and Saxon-EE. The conditions of use are of course different in the two cases; there are also differences in the third-party components that are included.
The information in this section applies to both the Java and .NET versions of Saxon, unless otherwise specified.
The open-source Saxon-HE product is made available under the Mozilla Public License (the "License"). Prior to Saxon 9.5 MPL Version 1.0 was used; from 9.5 onwards, MPL Version 2.0 is used. You may not use the software except as permitted by the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/.
MPL version 2.0 allows software to be declared as "compatible with secondary licenses". Saxon code, in general, is NOT compatible with secondary licenses. This means it is not possible to redistribute the source code under a different license. The reason for this is the difficulty of obtaining the consent of all past contributors to the code.
The source code of Saxon can be considered for licensing purposes as having three parts:
Category A consists of code which was written as part of Saxon either by the initial developer, or by another contributor. All such components are subject only to the MPL 2.0 license. A List of Contributors is provided, for information.
Category B code was originally produced as part of some other product and subsequently incorporated (with varying degrees of modification) into Saxon by way of source code integration. Many of these components have their own license conditions: these are in all cases licenses similar in form to either the Mozilla Public License, the Apache license, or the BSD license. All these licenses are "non-viral": they permit the code to be combined into a commercial product without requiring the commercial code to become open source. In some cases the license conditions require the origin of the code to be acknowledged, typically by including a notice in all distributions of the product. These notices are provided in the
noticesdirectory of the Saxon product as distributed, and the documentation provides a table listing all these Third-party code components.
Category C code consists of components that are included unchanged in the Saxon distribution in binary form, for the convenience of users to avoid the need for a separate download. (In the Java product this includes the ASM library for bytecode generation and the XQJ interface definitions; in the .NET product it also includes the IKVMC and OpenJDK runtimes, the Apache Xerces parser, and the TagSoup HTML parser.) These are listed as Redistributed components.
Saxon-HE includes a separate JAR file,
saxon9-xqj.jar, which contains Saxon's
support for the XQJ interface, a standard API for access to XQuery engines from Java. In
previous Saxon releases this was made available as part of the main JAR file. It has been
decoupled because it has been pointed out that the license under which Oracle distributes XQJ is
not a pure open source license under the definition used by the Open Source Initiative:
specifically, it does not allow modifications, and it does not allow redistribution except as
part of a product that satisfies all the compatibility tests. Saxon satisfies these conditions,
but some users are only prepared to use code that conforms to OSI-approved licenses. If you fall
into this category, please delete the
saxon9-xqj.jar file. (In Saxon-PE and
Saxon-EE, the XQJ components are delivered as part of the main Saxon JAR file.)
Saxon-EE and Saxon-PE
The Enterprise and Professional editions of Saxon are commercial products released under the terms and conditions published at http://www.saxonica.com/license/paid-license.pdf.
These products include some open source components. Although your contract with Saxonica is entirely defined by the commercial license, the existence of an open source license for these components gives you additional rights, which are described in this section. The source code for Saxon-PE and Saxon-EE can be considered to be in three parts:
Source code for which Saxonica Limited owns the copyright, which Saxonica has chosen to make available to the public under the Mozilla Public License version 2.0 (around 370K lines of code)
Source code for which Saxonica Limited owns the copyright, which Saxonica has chosen to retain as proprietary (around 160K lines of code)
Open source code developed and licensed by third parties and used by Saxonica under the terms of those licenses (around 20K lines of code)
The code in the third category is in most cases also used in Saxon-HE (the only open source
code in Saxon-PE or Saxon-EE that is not also used in Saxon-HE is the ASM bytecode generation
library and the ICU localization library). In all cases the license under which the code was
used permits the creation of commercial products derived from this code, and does not "infect"
such products with open source obligations. In many cases the relevant license requires a notice
to be published; this is satisfied by inclusion of the relevant notices in this documentation
and also in the
notices directory of the issued product. In many cases the relevant
license also requires any modifications to source code to be published; Saxonica satisfies the
requirement by issuing the source code of Saxon-HE, which includes all such modifications.
From Saxon 9.5, the different editions of the product (other than Saxon-CE) are built from a common source code base, and the first stage of building the product involves a preprocessor step, which in some cases removes selected code. The common source code for a Saxon-HE module, for example, might include a call to a function that is only present in Saxon-EE, and the preprocessor step removes this call. Saxonica therefore makes "source code" available in two forms:
The raw source, prior to pre-processing, is available in the Subversion repository on the dev.saxonica.com site. This satisfies Saxonica's obligations to make source available, but it is not the most practical place to start from if you are building the product, because it will not compile without pre-processing.
The preprocessed source is issued as a ZIP archive downloadable from the Saxon project site on SourceForge. This code can be compiled to generate the Saxon-HE product (though of course most users will never need to do this).
The Saxon SQL extension
The Saxon SQL extension is available as an open-source plug-in to Saxon-PE or Saxon-EE (on the Java platform only, not available on the .NET platform). It will not run with Saxon-HE because it relies on XSLT element extensibility, a feature not available in Saxon-HE. However, the code of the SQL extension itself is open-source and is issued under the Mozilla Public License, meaning that you are free to extend it and customize it to your needs, even though it requires Saxon-PE or Saxon-EE to run.
A substantial number of extension functions defined in EXSLT are available as an open-source plug-in to Saxon-PE or Saxon-EE. Many of these are implemented as reflexive extension functions, and therefore rely on a mechanism not available in Saxon-HE. However, the code of the these extension functions itself is open-source and is issued under the Mozilla Public License 2.0, meaning that you are free to extend it and customize it to your needs, even though it requires Saxon-PE or Saxon-EE to run. (See EXSLT extensions for more information on the functions available.)
Note: this does not apply to implementations of the EXPath extension functions, which since Saxon 9.6 are implemented in code that is Saxonica-proprietary. (See EXPath extensions for more information on the functions available.)
Redistribution of Saxon-HE is freely permitted under the terms of the Mozilla Public License 2.0. Note that this requires inclusion of all the necessary notices. If any source code changes are made, the license requires that they be published (or at any rate, made available to your users); but you are not required to publish the source of your own application code if it is in separate modules.
If you produce a product that includes or requires Saxon-HE, please refer to it prominently as "The Saxon XSLT and XQuery Processor from Saxonica Limited", and include the URL of the home page, which is at http://www.saxonica.com/. As a courtesy, please take reasonable steps to ensure that your users know that they are running Saxon.
Redistribution of Saxon-PE or Saxon-EE as a component of a commercial application is possible under commercial terms; prices are published in the Saxonica online store, and a specimen contract will be supplied on request.
Technical Support (Saxon-HE)
Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the License.
There is no guarantee of technical support, though we are usually able to answer enquiries within a few days. Please use the bug trackers and support forums provided on the community site at saxonica.plan.io. There is also a mailing list available at http://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/saxon-help. Please check the bug tracker at saxonica.plan.io for details of known errors; all bugs are listed there, whether they apply to the open-source or commercial versions of Saxon.