Saxon allows a compiled stylesheet (a
to be saved to disk as a file.
The transformation can then be run using this compiled stylesheet by using the -c option
to the command
The facility to compile the stylesheet is available only under Saxon-EE, but the compiled stylesheet can
be executed under
Saxon-HE. The facility is not available on the .NET platform.
The actual compilation of the stylesheet can be achieved using the command
java com.saxonica.CompileStylesheet. The format of the command is:
java com.saxonica.CompileStylesheet [options] stylesheet output [ params...]
The options available are a subset of the options for running a transformation, described above. The
most relevant options are
-t (give progress messages),
-u (stylesheet argument is a URI, not a filename),
(specify a URIResolver for use at compile time),
-y (specify an XML parser for parsing the source
-xml:1.1 (enable XML 1.1),
-init (provide an initialization class),
-config:filename (supply a configuration file). For a full list, use the
There are some restrictions that apply to stylesheet compilation:
Stylesheet compilation is not currently supported for schema-aware stylesheets, specifically, for stylesheets
that contain an
Stylesheet compilation is not currently supported for stylesheets that make calls on
the extension functions
saxon:expression(), because these require run-time
access to information that is not preserved by compilation.
Stylesheets that use a
<saxon:import-query> declaration cannot be compiled.
A compiled stylesheet can be executed only by the same Saxon release as was used to compile it.
Stylesheet compilation is not supported on the .NET platform.
You can use any file extension for the compiled stylesheet, I generally use .sxx (Saxon XSLT executable).
The file actually contains the Java serialization of a data structure that is then used at run-time to
drive the transformation process. As an alternative to using the
from the command line, you can use the Java serialization API directly, to write the
object to an
Running a compiled stylesheet is directly supported only from the command line. If you want to embed
this capability in your own application, you can copy the relevant code from the source of the
net.sf.saxon.Transform command. You need to be aware, however, that this code creates a new
NamePool and modifies the
Configuration to use it, which will disrupt any other
applications sharing the same
Configuration. It is the responsibility of the application to ensure
that a compiled stylesheet runs in a dedicated
rather than sharing a Configuration object with other transformations.
The term "compile" is stretching a point. The executable that is produced does not contain machine instructions, or even interpreted Java bytecode. It contains instructions in the form of a data structure that Saxon itself can interpret. Note that the format of compiled stylesheets is unlikely to be stable from one Saxon release to the next.